Since the sinking of the Titanic, industry has slowly come to understand disaster is a result of system breakdown from decisions made on the blunt end of the spear. However in the 20th Century those on the sharp end of the spear have been blamed when systems fail. In the 21 Century we now understand how High Reliability Organizations can harness people as the solution to solving the type of problems that create weakness in major and complex technological systems. Piper Alpha in 1988 and the Lord Cullen Inquiry inspired the oil and gas industry to begin looking toward system risk mitigation. The April 20, 2010 blow out on the Deepwater Horizon helped inspire a new generation of offshore oil and gas thought leaders toward addressing system risk in both qualitative and quantitative methods.